In the Upper School, all classes have a weekly reasoning lesson, in which they exercise their minds with practice in verbal and non-verbal reasoning and problem-solving activities.  We find that this lesson has a positive effect on the way children approach problems and reason in other subjects.  In Years 3 and 4 there is greater emphasis on practical problem-solving and children are introduced to formal written problems by looking for patterns and differences.  In years 5 and 6 there is more focus on written problems and this forms part of the preparation for 11+ exams. 

Non-verbal reasoning involves looking at patterns to spot differences in colour, shape, quantity, position or direction and identify the missing pattern in a sequence, set or matrix.  Verbal reasoning requires pupils to solve word problems, such as making compound words, finding the odd one out in a group, matching words with similar or opposite meanings and solving anagrams.  It also involves letter and number patterns and sequences. 

There are many practice books for reasoning available in book shops, but we ask parents to avoid buying bond books, as we provide them for the children to use in school.